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Detection of Jovian seismic waves: a new probe of its interior structure

TitleDetection of Jovian seismic waves: a new probe of its interior structure
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsGaulme, P, Schmider, FX, Gay, J, Guillot, T, Jacob, C
JournalAstronomy & Astrophysics
Date PublishedJul
ISBN Number0004-6361
Accession NumberWOS:000293017700154

Knowledge of Jupiter's deep interior would provide unique constraints on the formation of the Solar System. Measurement of its core mass and global composition would shed light on whether the planet formed by accretion or by direct gravitational collapse. At present, the inner structure of Jupiter is poorly constrained and seismology, which consists of identifying acoustic eigenmodes, offers a way to directly measure its deep sound speed profile, and thus its physical properties. Seismology of Jupiter has been considered since the mid 1970s, but hitherto the various attempts to detect global modes have led, at best, to ambiguous results. We report the detection of global modes of Jupiter, based on radial velocity measurements performed with the SYMPA Fourier spectro-imager. The global seismic parameters that we measure include the frequency of maximum amplitude 1213 +/- 50 mu Hz, the mean large frequency spacing between radial harmonics 155.3 +/- 2.2 mu Hz, and the mode maximum amplitude 49(-10)(+8) cm s(-1), all values that are consistent with current models of Jupiter. This result opens the way to the investigation of the inner structure of the Solar System's giant planets based on seismology techniques.

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