The coronal suprathermal particle explorer (C-SPEX)
|Title||The coronal suprathermal particle explorer (C-SPEX)|
|Publication Type||Conference Paper|
|Year of Publication||2011|
|Authors||J. Moses, D, Brown, C, Doschek, G, Ko, Y-K, Korendyke, C, J. Laming, M, Socker, D, Tylka, A, McMullin, D, Ng, C, Wassom, S, Lee, M, Auchère, F, Fineschi, S, Carter, T|
|Conference Name||Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) Conference Series|
|Date Published||September 1, 2011|
The primary science objective of the Coronal Suprathermal Particle Explorer (C-SPEX) is to investigate the spatial and temporal variations of coronal suprathermal particle populations that are seeds for acceleration to solar energetic particles (SEPs). It is understood that such seed particle populations vary with coronal structures and can change responding to solar flare and coronal mass ejection (CME) events. Models have shown that higher densities of suprathermal protons can result in higher rates of acceleration to high energies. Understanding the variations in the suprathermal seed particle population is thus crucial for understanding the variations in SEPs. However, direct measurements are still lacking. C-SPEX will measure the variation in the suprathermal protons across various coronal magnetic structures, before/after the passage of CME shocks, in the post-CME current sheets, and before/after major solar flares. Understanding the causes for variation in the suprathermal seed particle population and its effect on the variation in SEPs will also help build the predictive capability of SEPs that reach Earth. The CSPEX measurements will be obtained from instrumentation on the International Space Station (ISS) employing well-established UV coronal spectroscopy techniques.